Where do we harvest pollen and are the beekeeping areas sufficiently clean?
Meadow with flowering Hypericum perforatum Apiaries are located about 820 m above sea level, where hundreds of species of flowering herbs, shrubs and trees can be found. Locations of the Apiaries were selected after extensive research of a region with 80 km radius. We selected places for out Apiaries, where agriculture is negligible. Our places are far from industrial production, busy roads and other pollutants. There is no pollen from industrial cultures in our bee pollen. Sometimes it happens that several rural fields are planted with sunflower seeds. The campaign of collecting pollen ends the moment the first sunflower blooms, thereby ensuring high purity of our bee pollen.
What types are the flowering plants in the regions of our Apiaries?
Meadow with wild herbs Hundreds of types of flowers, shrubs and trees bloom within a radius of 5 km from our Apiaries. Of course, the bees prefer not all of them. In different parts of the day, depending on the humidity and temperature, the bees may prefer one or another blossoming vegetation. We, beekeepers, constantly monitor what blooms in the region and whether it is visited by bees, whether they use the blossom to collect pollen or nectar, etc. We make also a pollen analysis of the honey, thanks to which we can say with higher precision what plants bloom within that radius.
Based on our observations and pollen analyses we have compiled the following list of plants that bees prefer for nectar extraction: Магарешки бодил, Синя жлъчка, Метличина, Детелина, Комунига, Лъжичина, Лечебна Мъдрица, Секирче, Гръмотрън, Пролетен фий, Мъдука, Бучиниш, Резене и др.
Fresh (undried) or dried pollen, time of harvesting?
Ливада с цъфтящи див фии и мак When there is a fresh, undried pollen, it is always preferable to the dried one. We harvest pollen in May, June and July, then we dry it and store it for the months where there is no fresh pollen, i.e. autumn, winter and early spring. The fresh pollen is perishable and requires storage in refrigerators. Just before human consumption, it must be frozen for one or two days in order to exterminate any possible microorganisms and spores. The fresh pollen contains the largest number of active substances and vitamins and it should be consumed in fresh condition. One disadvantage of the fresh pollen is that the decomposition of the active substances is fast and the pollen must be consumed within a few months of its removal from the hive. Like any food, the fresher pollen is the better. The active ingredients of pollen, even frozen, are not long lasting. Usually we harvest pollen twice a week in the high season and deliver it immediately to customers.
In the rest of the year, when there is no fresh pollen, you can consume dried pollen. The dried pollen loses about 30-40% of the active ingredients in the drying process, but the remaining 60-70% are retained until the next year, when there will be again a fresh pollen. This makes the dried pollen a suitable food supplement, rich in vitamins and many active substances, which you cannot obtain from other sources in winter and early spring.
"From the same flower the bee extracts honey and the wasp gall." - Italian Proverb